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Salam Alaykum, my name is Achraf, and I am a Muslim from an Arab country, for this I speak Arabic fluently, also I speak French and English, in this series I want to help my Muslim brothers and sisters who don’t speak Arabic, or even non-Muslims who want to read the Quran and learn Arabic, I want to help them To understand the Holy Quran and learn the Arabic language at the same time
First, you have to keep this in mind: all words in Arabic fall into three types :
the first is اسم, means everything related to nouns or pronouns
the second one is فعل Verb – includes all different conjugations and tenses
the last one is حرف, we can translate it to a “Particle”, and it includes most English prepositions
And each of these types falls under it many subtypes that we will explain as we read the verses together,
Let’s Begin على بركة الله تعالى
First one is :
“بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَانِ الرَّحِيمِ”
Note that we can divide this verse into two parts (and this includes all verses of the Qur’an), the first part: the Consonants, and the second one: the diacritics
The consonants are the main letters that establish the Arabic alphabet, and unlike the English language where the vowels are placed in front of the consonants, in the Arabic language you put marks above or below them, and we call them “حركات” or “Diacritics”, they play the rule of short vowels and sometimes “long vowels”
There are five main diacritics, three of them are short vowels :
The first one is Kasra, a small diagonal line placed below a letter, and represent a short /i/ as in the word “me” or “be”
The second one is Fatha, a small diagonal line placed above a letter, and represent a short /a/ as in the word “cat”
The third one is Damma, a small curl-like diacritic placed above a letter, and represent a short /u/ as in “duke” or “you”
The fourth one is Sukun, a circle-shaped diacritic placed above a letter, and it indicates that the consonant to which it is attached is not followed by a vowel
The Last one is Sheddah, a diacritic shaped like a small written Latin “w” or Arabic “س”, When two similar letters meet with each other, with the first has a “Sukun” above it, and the second has any of the three other vowels, we merge that two letters into one letter, and we put “Shaddah” above it and we put that second vowel above the Shaddah, then we read with some pressure on it
And now I think you are able to read verses of the Qur’an easier than before, so let’s understand together
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